Ww1 u s free death records

First, and most obvious, was the great increase in the number of deaths to be registered, mainly those of servicemen abroad and at sea. Establishing a register of war deaths was nothing new, one had been created for the Boer War of to ; this time the war was much closer to home, and soldiers were repatriated to hospitals in the UK where some of them subsequently died of wounds received overseas.

Military Records

There was some discussion between the General Register Office and the Home Office on the procedure to be adopted, and it was decided that the military or naval authorities, or the person finding a body would register the death; the coroner would be informed, but unless they considered that the circumstances warranted an inquest, no further action need be taken.

As well as collating and indexing birth, marriage and death registrations, a major GRO function was the production of certified copies of these events. In the early months of the war there was in increase in the marriage rate, which could be explained by couples wishing to marry before the man was posted overseas. It then returned to normal levels and the birth rate fell slightly throughout the entire war.

However, a great deal of extra work was involved in responding to the unprecedented demand for certified copies; birth and marriage certificates were required by the wives of servicemen in order to claim separation allowances for themselves and their dependent children, and for pension purposes. Death certificates were required by next-of-kin to obtain probate or administration, and while some applications for birth and marriages certificates could be handled by local offices or churches, only the GRO could issue certificates from the registers of war deaths, or deaths at sea.

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Where the military or naval authorities required verification of the details of a birth or marriage, and full details were supplied, the GRO could provide verification statements, free of charge. These activities were carried out by the records branch of the GRO, but the statistical branch also had an important and expanding role.

Their first new task was to set up and maintain a register of Belgian refugees, soon after the outbreak of war. This was no mean feat, and although much of the information was gathered by organisations outside London, the GRO was also the official registration authority for the Metropolitan Police District. When registration was made compulsory in November , the refugees had to notify the registry of every change of address, and the records were also cross-referenced by their places of origin to facilitate repatriation as each region was deemed safe.

World War I casualties - Wikipedia

As well as maintaining these records, the GRO dealt with enquiries from Belgian nationals wanting to trace relatives from whom they had become separated when they fled to the UK. In an act for National Registration was passed, to record the entire civilian population of working age.


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Sylvanus Vivian, then assistant secretary at the National Insurance Commission, commented that the scheme proposed was perfectly good for gathering information, but did not contain sufficiently robust mechanisms for keeping it up to date. Conditions at Somerset House, London, were less than ideal; there were too many small rooms spread over several floors, and there was not enough room for the extra functions taken on by the GRO, which had to be accommodated elsewhere.

Exact numbers are often disputed and are nearly impossible to determine for a variety of reasons. Different countries used different methods to count their dead and injured, and some methods were more reliable than others. Also, some countries may have changed the number of casualties in their official records for political reasons.

World War I casualties

The numbers in the chart reflect the estimates made by most historians today. Citations 1 : Includes deaths from all causes. Gain insight into the death and destruction of World War I with firsthand accounts from former soldiers. Add or Edit Playlist.


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Which countries had the greatest number of soldiers killed and the greatest number of casualties?

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